Some exams are advised to be done before the marriage, by the couple, with the purpose of evaluating the health conditions, preparing them for the constitution of the family and their future children.
Genetic counseling can be recommended when a woman is over 35, if there is a family history of intellectual disabilities, or if the marriage is between cousins, and is intended to check for potential risk to pregnancy. However, the most recommended exams before marriage are:
The hemogram is the blood test that evaluates blood cells, such as red blood cells, leukocytes, platelets and lymphocytes, and is able to indicate some changes in the body, such as the presence of infections. Along with the blood count, serology can be ordered to check the presence or absence of sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis and AIDS, as well as diseases that may affect future gestation, such as toxoplasmosis, rubella, and cytomegalovirus. See what the hemogram is for and how to interpret it.
The urine test, also known as EAS, is performed to check if the person has any problems related to the urinary system, such as kidney diseases, for example, but mainly infections. Through the urine examination it is possible to verify the presence of fungi, bacteria and parasites responsible for infections, such as that which causes trichomoniasis, for example, which is a sexually transmitted disease. Learn what the urine test is for and how to do it.
The fecal examination aims to identify the presence of intestinal bacteria and worms, as well as to verify signs of chronic diseases of the digestive system and the presence of rotavirus, which is a virus responsible for causing diarrhea and strong vomiting in infants. Understand how the stool test is done.
The electrocardiogram is an exam that aims to evaluate the activity of the heart, by means of the analysis of the rhythm, speed and quantity of heart beats. Thus it is possible to make a diagnosis of infarction, inflammation of the walls of the heart and blowing. See how it is done and what the electrocardiogram is for.
Complementary imaging tests are usually required to check for changes in the organs, especially the reproductive system, most often requiring abdominal or pelvic computed tomography or pelvic ultrasonography. See what it is for and how it is done.
Pre-nuptial exams for the woman, in addition to those for the couple, also include:
Fertility tests can also be performed on women over the age of 35 because with age, a woman's fertility decreases or in women who already know they have diseases that can cause infertility like endometriosis. See which are the top 7 gynecological exams requested by the doctor.
Pre-nuptial exams for men, in addition to those for the couple, also include:
Besides these examinations, there are others that the doctor can ask both the woman and the man according to personal and family history of each one.